When it comes to coalitions, national minority political parties are finding themselves playing a unique and influential role. We are witnessing how parties like Junts per Catalunya get to decide if a new government will be formed or not—they’re the kingmakers commanding a unique position, balancing power and steering coalition dynamics.
Today, we will look at the case of the Swedish People’s Party of Finland (Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland, SPF). SPF became the kingmaker in Finland early in the year with a 5 percent party relying on the votes of the Swedish national minority. SPF is an exemplary model showing how national minority parties leverage their influence, given the high demands these parties can make when they find themselves in a position of kingmaker.