In the European political landscape, the longevity of power has become synonymous with certain parties. However, alternation of power remains a core principle in Europe, even as many parties are able to govern for over three terms, from the Labour Party in Malta to the Tories in the UK. Continuity may seem advantageous at first, but extended stays in government raise pertinent concerns about disconnection from constituents, the emergence of entitlement among politicians, the stagnation of processes leading to inefficiency, and the risk of identity dilution.
Returning to opposition is not only beneficial, but also crucial for the long-term health of democracies and parties. Let us explore some of the hurdles that parties in power face over time: